What is consciousness? Consciousness is a sense of ones personal or collective identity.
There were many people who have studied the brain and the unconscious in history. Aristotle taught that the brain was just cooling mechanism for blood and that heart did the thinking. The invention of the microscope and electricity made it possible to actually study the brain.
- Franz joseph gall: shows how brain looks. Phrenology: look at skull shape to show characteristics.Brain was divided into 27 separate organs. Each of these sections led to characteristics. Last eight sections were specific to humans only. Kindness, passion, sensitivity, organ of religion, etc. Lectured in Vienna were popular, but were condemned by austrian governmnet because sacrilegious. Concept of localized sections in the brain were proven. He also was first to discover grey matter and white tissue.
95 percent of what we dream is forgotten. We have a lot of research about dreams, but know so little. Dreams are amazing for both artists and scientist to study and get inspiration from. The unconscious mind was first seriously studied by Freud. He divided the conscious mind into two parts: the conscious (ego) and the unconscious (id). Young (another scientist who studied conscious and unconscious) thought that Freud focused too much on sexual aspects of the brain. Young thought religion was a safe place for people to have and study, while Freud did not like religion.
Two drugs that are now illegal but change the mind and how one sees the world are cocaine and LSD. Freud became addicted to cocaine. It used to be known as cure for depression, fatigue, etc. Freud almost killed a patient with cocaine. LSD used to be completely open and legal to use. It was created in 1938 by chemist. Made images and pictures brighter and crazier and made your pupils dilate. The chemist thought he was going insane. He started selling it as psychiatric cure all. It was also used by students as a teaching tool to understand schizophrenia.