Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer. He created the Heliocentric model for astronomy. This model had the sun in the middle of the solar system. This was the first mathematical diagram where the sun is in the middle of solar system. The diagram included epicycles. He was scared he would get in trouble with the church so he delayed publishing his study. Science flourished in the European Renaissance. During this time period, the telescope was created which started a whole new era of astronomy.
On July 16 1945, the first atomic bomb was detonated at Trinity. The motivation to do this was wanting to end world war 3. The Soviet union soon after detonated an atomic bomb starting the cold war and the arms race. Any major attack from soviets, America would retaliate with an atomic bomb. In October 1957 the Soviet Union launched first satellite into space. Launch of sputnik created paranoia in Americans.
Laika the dog was the first being to go into space from Russia. She did not live beyond 6 days into the trip. Sputnik number 2 held her. This caused even more hysteria for Americans because the rocket that held the dog can also send a hydrogen bomb to America. Laika became very famous and was talked about more than any celebrity.
First person in space was Yuri Gargarin and was Russian. Alan shepard was first american in space a month later. First man that landed on the moon was on July 20, 1969. Neil Armstrong walked on the moon for three hours and collected moon rocks.
May 19, 1996 x prize foundation created competition that offered 10 million dollars for a non governmental person to create a spacecraft that would launch into space two times and was reusable. The prize was won in 2004. The foundation wanted to create cheap space travel design. Virgin america founder is trying to commercialize space travel. It will cost around 200,000 dollars to travel to space commercially.
Many artists take inspiration from space. Space inspires paintings, sculptures, pictures and more. Art about space encompasses realism and imagination. Many artists want to show how beautiful and vast space is through their work.